city of Mexico-a peculiarity of the contemporary media landscape is the possibility that children produce content and share it with others through sites like YouTube, explained the doctor in communication María Teresa Nicolás Gavilán.
In an article published in Conacyt and written by sweet Miranda, reported that the first stage of the research «The children of the city of Mexico media environment» told with funds granted by the UP, through the Development Fund to the research UP 2017 and is dialled or in the period of July 2017 to July 2018.
«The sample was 555 children enrolled in public and private schools in third, fourth, fifth and sixth grade of primary school. We had children range in age from eight to 13 years and several socio-economic strata,»said tam horror and fantasy television content more chosen by kids Mexican member good level I of the national system of researchers (SNI) Pilar Baptista Lucio.
The field work was carried out in two phases: a qualitative, where 100 children wrote an essay about the media used and the frequency and reasons why those who resort to these. The trials were the basis for the second phase, the quantitative, where the complete sample answered a questionnaire with closed questions.
«The questionnaire had a section with a list of 50 contained, mentioned by the children in the trials of qualitative research. In the analysis of the data we find this fragmentation, where any content reaches more than 50 per cent of preference by the children in the sample, except those of YouTube, favorite website where 70 percent of the children in the sample are grouped».
Based on the uses and gratifications theory, the researchers classified the comments of minors according to the functions that they provide to the media.
«The categories were: to learn, to have fun and entertain me, to relax, to ‘desaburrirme’ and to communicate with others.» The most common was fun and entertainment», specified Baptista Lucio.
The Favorites of the children of the CDMX the results of the research show that children prefer, in general, content based on fantasy, although some are inclined by with themes of terror media products.
Also, the specialists identified other recurrent narratives in different media, such as friendship and union with others, empowering reflected in physical strength or tempering to achieve a goal and the sense of humor within the preferences of children.
«Perhaps children who because of their age are vulnerable to the ups and downs of adult life, whether economic or social, need to feel empowered in some way. Referring some to the uses and gratifications theory, some used the media to know, to entertain or to socialize, but also do it to assert itself», said the academic Rector of the UP, campus Mexico, Teresa Nicolás Gavilán.
«I think that that also speaks to us of the lack of real friends. There are youtubers dedicated only to have their day. What happens there, is that there is a need of the human being, who is sociable by nature. You need a friend, someone who tell you»reflected Dr. Nicolás Gavilán.
Raise awareness at all levels, ultimate purpose of research in the next stage of this research, the doctors compare the results obtained with the of a similar study, carried out 40 years ago by Dr. Pilar Baptista Lucio.
«I think that we have to show how the media environment has changed so much for children, having all the stakeholders who are called upon to protect the development of childhood to be aware and prepared. This involves parents, schools and the law», said the Rector.
Meanwhile, researcher Pilar Baptista Lucio insisted on the importance of including children media literacy, through didactic sequences, in ethics and civics curriculum shaft.
«There are countries that are driving the digital citizenship, which is to provide the student, of any grade, of the ability to discern what to consume, consume when and on what platform. It is formed on an understanding of digital consumption, in addition to using digital tools for responsible for contents production», concluded the doctor Teresa Nicolás Gavilán.