If you are not familiar with the term you have q EU the «ninis» are young people between 15 and 29 years that neither study nor work. In Chile, these are exactly the 528.574 according to the latest survey of national socio-economic characterization (Casen).
Handed over the details of this group of people this morning the Minister of Social development, Alfredo Moreno, in a presentation that took place within the framework of a new Center for the study of youth which opened the Universidad Andrés Bello.
According to the Casen survey 2017, 31% of the «ninis» are men and 69% are women, 85 per cent live in urban areas and in socio-economic terms are concentrated in the most vulnerable sectors: 35% are in the first quintile and only 6% is located in the fifth quintile. In addition, 17% of these young people is poor income and 30% is poor according to the multidimensional measurement.
«If one had to describe these young people, I should say that in general are vulnerable women, and one gets a little more to see who are these women, it becomes clear that they are people who are pregnant, who have children in their care «, or even some older adult or a family in situation of disability», said Minister Alfredo Moreno.
It is noteworthy that in relation to previous measurements, «ninis» in our country rate stagnated, because both the 2017 and 2015 the figure reached 13% of the segment, and also dropped only one point in relation to the survey of 2013, which reached 14%. However, there is a significant decline since 1990, when the rate of young people who do not study or work reached 25%.
«This is a social problem which concerns everyone. «» There is a way to solve it if it is not state, universities, the private sector and civil society to work together «, said the owner of Social Development reaffirming the commitment already established for the portfolio to reduce the amount of» ninis»in Chile,»reinserting in educational or employment system to about 163 thousand young people by the year 2020″.
The delivery of these results was given within the framework of the presentation of the Laureate Center for Youth Studies (LCYS) of the Universidad Andrés Bello (Unab), occasion in which the research was also presented «determinants of the Decision to not work and do not study of the» young people in Chile», led the doctor Juan Luis Correa, an economist and researcher at the Faculty of Economics and business of the Unab.
In line with the figures of Casen 2017, LCYS Unab study determined that a woman aged 15 to 29 has three times more likely to be «nini» to a man, while pregnancy increases that probability six times.
The rector of the Unab, doctor José Rodríguez, explained that «having this Center is key, since we are the largest University in Chile, so it formed an important part of young people of the country.» In addition, in our classrooms and laboratories, we generate new knowledge and are committed to research excellence.»
During the day also involved Mirko Salfate, national director of the Injuv; Gonzalo Rodríguez, social director of ceiling Chile; Sebastian Errázuriz, CEO of the NGO attitude Lab; Viviana Giacaman, Director of the quality of democracy in Fundación Chile 21; and Mauro Basaure, academic unab.