the next Interior Secretary, Olga Sánchez Cordero, will present Tuesday to the plenary of the Senate proposal to regulate marijuana for personal, scientific and commercial purposes.
The initiative published in the Parliamentary Gazette consists of 79 articles and six transitional, where detailed regulation.
«The model that aims to promote is that of strict legal regulation; i.e., the midpoint between absolute prohibition and the free market», highlights the proposal.
It is clarified that since the Constitution not be should impose an ideal of human excellence, but «to allow each individual to choose their own plan of life».
What is it regulated?
According to the initiative, will be regulated throughout the chain of production, from sowing, cultivation, harvest, production, processing, labelling, packaging, promotion, advertising, sponsorship, transport, distribution, sale, marketing, possession and consumption of marijuana.
regulation guiding shafts in the justification of the initiative argued that the State should respect the autonomy of persons, and on the other hand, prevent such autonomy affecting others, so regulation is part of several axis guiding s: respect the autonomy of persons.
Protect the health of the people in front of a psychoactive product.
Minimize disturbance of powers of components of cannabis with uncertain effects.
Promote information based on evidence, on labelling and conditions of consumption.
Protection from risks to the most vulnerable population: children and young people.
Establish the sale of cannabis as a socially responsible service.
To facilitate rehabilitation and treatment programs for anyone who requests it.
What is it prohibited?
Project prohibits trade, distribution, donation, gift, sale and delivery of marijuana to minors, as well as to use them in these activities.
It is forbidden to also use drugs while driving a motor vehicle or dangerous machinery.
What are you allowed?
The Senator by Morena, Olga Sánchez Cordero, raises to allow planting, growing, harvesting, take advantage, prepare and transform to 20 intended for flowering cannabis plants for personal use on private property, always and when the production of Marijuana does not exceed 480 grams per year.
Adults can smoke marijuana in public spaces, except in those 100 percent smoke-free.
The requirements to obtain a license to produce cannabis or their derivatives for commercial purposes will be determined by their use: pharmaceutical therapeutic, palliative, or herbalist Industrial adult persons who because of their health condition may require planting, grow, take advantage, prepare and transform more than twenty plants of cannabis, they may apply for a permit to the Institute based on the provisions of the regulation.
via GIPHY will be an Institute for the control of cannabis?
The initiative proposes that people register their plants before the Mexican Institute for the regulation and Control of Cannabis in an anonymous registry.
This Institute is a decentralized public body of the Ministry of health (Ssa).
Its objectives include creating regulation that guarantees health approach, reduction of risks and damage related to the consumption of marijuana, and is on the interest of the trade and other interests created by the cannabis industry.
Its function will also be the regulated activities of planting, cultivation, harvest, transport, storage, production, processing, distribution, marketing, sale and sale of cannabis.
Licenses and permits will be granted licences and permits for planting, cultivating, harvesting, transport, process and market marijuana that will grant the Mexican Institute for the regulation and Control of Cannabis for a period of 5 and up to 10 years, which may be so extended up to equal installments.
Cooperatives in the proposal which can conform production cooperatives, from two to 150 partners to grow marijuana for personal use, when they have the license authorization is also set.
Cooperatives must have a code of ethics; provide proof of having taken at least one course of strengthening capacities for subsistence, and offer information and professional advice on risk reduction and damage directed to partners, as well as early detection and monitoring of consumption problematic.
They are prohibited from providing cannabis, or any of its derivatives, to outsiders to the cooperative or other cooperatives.
They also have forbidden to produce more than 480 grams of cannabis per year per partner. «The surplus should donate to the corresponding institutions for scientific research purposes», highlights the initiative.
The proposed penalties includes fines up to 644 thousand 800 pesos who fails to comply with this law.
Release programmes will also provide programs for release, for those serving sentences for that drug consumption.
For the year 2012, 62% of inmates in a federal penitentiary had been sentenced for crimes against health: 58.7% of the population, was also sentenced by some activity related to cannabis, although not necessarily for consumption, but by production, transport, trade, supply or possession.
In 2011, there were 1,509 people sentenced only for consumption or possession of cannabis. «There is a strong persecution of cannabis-related offences, and especially of those low-impact», it is argued in the document.
via GIPHY benefits scientifically demonstrated in the proposal is exposed that there are beneficial effects that also have been proven scientifically. In this regard, it was found that cannabis has «different pharmacological properties» such as: analgesic, anxiolytic, antidiabetic, antimocrobianas and neuroprotective properties, among others.
Points out that the effectiveness of cannabis has been shown to treat the following conditions: Cancer Diabetes mellitus chronic pain sleep Glaucoma epilepsy anxiety depression disorder multiple sclerosis nausea and vomiting bronchial asthma ischemia cerebral disease Tourette Syndrome terminals «scientific evidence explains and supports the medicinal use of marijuana. Growing evidence that, under medical supervision, the cannabis represents an option in patients who do not respond to conventional therapies, so cannabis could become one of the most useful drugs in medicine», stresses the document.
Use scientific and research permits for medical, scientific and cosmetic purposes must adhere to compliance with the following requirements: have a research protocol approved by the Institute.
For natural person, being Mexican.
For legal entity, having 80% of national capital.
Medicines derived from cannabis only may advertise or promote themselves in scientific or technical publications addressed to the medical or veterinary body.
The document explains that the biggest challenge facing will be the balance the public with an interest in trade health approach, because while the first seeks to minimize the risks and damages associated with marijuana, the second will seek to obtain higher profits.
Here you can consult the initiative