in the past three years intentional homicides in Mexico have soared more than 50 percent. However, the convictions for this crime in the same period have declined. It is a level of impunity that is rising and in some States such as Morelos and Oaxaca, already reaching levels of 99 percent.
These are the main findings of a new study on impunity in the crime of homicide by the Organization zero impunity, and which today is presented publicly. The report stresses also that in some States such as Guerrero and Baja California, murder rate surpasses the countries such as Honduras and Venezuela.
According to the official data collected by the study from transparency requests, on average, for every 10 victims of homicide are registered in our country, only dictate two convictions. This means that, in proportion, at least eight of every ten murders no clarification whatsoever.
The phenomenon has been exacerbated by the growth of violence against a justice system that, by contrast, has lost efficiency. From the information of 24 States that provided sufficient information, the study highlights that the killings grew from 10 thousand 463 cases in 2014 to 16 thousand 369 in 2017, which is equivalent to a rise of 56.4 per cent.
On the contrary, the number of convictions for homicide fell from 2 thousand 899 cases in 2014 to 2 thousand 121 cases in 2017, which is a reduction from the 26.8 percent.
This yields an average of 85 per cent of impunity national in homicide in 2017, but there are States with levels even worse than that. In Oaxaca and Morelos, the proportion of impunity in this crime (in accordance with the methodology used by the study) is the 99.4 per cent in both entities. Or what is the same, virtually no murder is resolved in those States.
There are other nine States with a level of over 90 per cent impunity: Guerrero, Chiapas, Tamaulipas, SLP, Baja California Sur, Nayarit, State of Mexico, Tabasco and Baja California. And they are joined by nine States with percentages of 70 to 80 per cent in terms of impunity: Chihuahua, Michoacán, Tlaxcala, Guanajuato, Jalisco, Coahuila, Quintana Roo, Sonora and Nuevo Leon.
Less critical cases are the city of Mexico, where the study calculates an impunity of the 65.8 percent, Hidalgo with 62.6 percent, and Durango with 52.4 per cent.
Yucatan is the only entity – 24 which provided information – in where in 2017 there was parity in terms of the number of killed (46) with sentences for this crime (48).
The impunity zero study also shows that, on average, just 30 percent of inquiries and portfolios of research that begin with intentional homicide end with any resolution as an appropriation to court. I.e. most of the investigations are not even conclude.
“The analysis of impunity in the crime of homicide in States around the country, is more daunting than in our previous study, since more than half of the entities present evidence of collapse in its system of investigation, prosecution and justice” “criminal (two years ago was one-third of the States): institutions are inefficient against the increase in the number of homicides, while their response capacity is declining, resulting in a smaller number of sentence” according to the report.
The worst levels of violence in the world the study of zero impunity warns that intentional homicide levels that are at the same time are recorded in regions of Mexico (and sometimes exceed) to the most violent places in the world.
Input, from 36 member countries of the Organization for the economic cooperation and development (OECD), Mexico is the country that has the highest rate of homicides with 19.6 cases per 100,000 population in 2016. Far away is the second site, United States, with a rate of 5.3 killings and Lithuania, in third place, with 5.2 cases.
The rest of the Member countries of the OECD have homicide rates less than three cases per hundred thousand inhabitants.
In 2016, El Salvador was the country with the highest rate of homicides in the world 82.8 intentional crimes per 100,000 inhabitants. Followed by Honduras with 65.5 cases per hundred thousand inhabitants and Venezuela with 56.3 cases murders. To put this in proportion, the global average homicide rate is 6.2 cases.
Mexico has a murder rate very on top of the world average, with 19 cases per 100,000 inhabitants, but in turn is inferior in several countries of Latin America. However, the analysis at the level of States shows that some States are if located in the reality of most violent countries.
The report highlights cases of Baja California Sur with a rate of 69.1 intentional homicides per 100,000 inhabitants; Warrior with 64.3 cases per hundred thousand inhabitants and Baja California with 58.3 murders. In all cases it is violence rates higher than those of Honduras and Venezuela.
And also with critical rates are located in Sinaloa with 43.8 homicides for every 100,000 inhabitants and Chihuahua with a rate of 41.7 cases.
The report also warns that some States have a much higher proportion of intentional homicides from non-intentional. For example, 37 percent of homicides that occur there are intentional in Queretaro, in city of Mexico the percentage is 60 percent and in Baja California Sur, they come up to nearly 90 percent.
Nationally the intentional killings are the seventh leading cause of death, but in the sector of the population from 15 to 39 years of age represent the leading cause of death.
Solutions for the crisis to the growing scene of violence and impunity in the country rates, zero impunity report a priority that it should work on both sides. On the one hand to reduce violence by attacking its causes and on the other hand strengthen the unit of research which has the Mexican State.
To do this required first, reliable information. The report proposes that 2 of every 3 homicides committed with a firearm but asks the following questions: in which schedules each type of homicide is committed? What mobile can boast? Was linked to ingestion of alcohol or narcotic drugs? Have been the victim to the perpetrator? How do the flight launched?
The analysis, prepared by the researchers Guillermo Zepeda Lecuona and Paola Jiménez Rodríguez, points out that if there is no clear answers to those questions do not an effective prevention strategy can be implemented.
“The violence in neighborhoods, in schools, in families and in general in all the places where it is present, can be reduced with targeted preventive actions. If you clear the diagnosis plausible and verifiable goals can be set”highlights the analysis.
At the same time it experts insist that strategies must be implemented as appropriate georeferencing of sites where a murder is committed to meet high vulnerability areas and design appropriate interventions.
As for the investigation section, the report highlights as in some countries such as Colombia and Guatemala, where levels of violence have fallen “research units formed by government departments, police and experts teams have been established with” bounded workloads that share information, receive feedback from other units and develop specific operating to smooth out obstacles in the elucidation of the crimes.”
The guaranteed impunity impunity zero report based its data on requests for information addressed to the States, and sets the level of impunity for murder by 85 percent. He explains that Inegi data do not allow to know and information related to specific variables such as statements by intentional homicide cases.
However Animal politician published last May the article killing in Mexico: impunity guaranteed, based on micro-data from Inegi Yes to given data related to convictions for homicide. The conclusion is that almost 95 per cent of homicides registered in Mexico between 2010 and 2016 have not been clarified.
As part of this research have been documented that corporations of police and law enforcement in Mexico suffer, among other things, human and material resources to deal with the workload, but there are also serious deficiencies in subjects training, protocols and respect human rights.