translated from Spanish: Vicente Zambada, the piece to understand the drug war in Mexico

4The war between the drug cartels in Mexico began with a fight at a meeting of the Lords.
It was 2004. Joaquin “El Chapo” Guzman Loera agreed to negotiate with Rodolfo “El Niño de Oro” Carrillo Fuentes who was the younger brother of the founder of the cartel from Juarez, Amado Carrillo.
But the conversation went wrong. “The golden boy” insulted Guzman Loera and left the meeting. The hood, then decided to kill him. And he got it.
The story is part of the testimony than Vicente “El Vicentllo” Zambada Niebla pays in the trial against “El Chapo” which resumed on Thursday in the Court of Manhattan (New York, United States).
The story is one of the main keys to understand the beginning of the war between the Sinaloa and Juarez cartels.
The confrontation sparked a battle between organizations by drug trafficking to the United States, which a year later was extended to other posters.
It was the beginning of a struggle that still remains and that, according to official data, has killed some 250,000 people.
The compadres Vicente Zambada Garcia is the eldest son of Ismael “El Mayo” Zambada, and for several years was also one of the main operators in your organization, the Sinaloa cartel drug trafficking.

ReutersEl story of “El Vicentillo”, illustrated in the picture during his testimony in the trial against “El Chapo”, is one of the keys to understand the beginning of the war between the Sinaloa cartel and Juarez.en 2009 was arrested in the city of Mexico and the Government of States United got his extradition in February 2010.
During the trial of “El Chapo” in New York, an informal history around his capture was confirmed: “El Vicentillo” American, the DEA has a collaboration agreement with the drug enforcement agency.

At the beginning of his appearance, judge Brian Cogan accepted a request by the prosecution to avoid that you cross-examine the witness on this Pact.
Before the trial, Zambada Niebla pleaded guilty to two offences of conspiracy, importation and distribution of thousands of kilograms of cocaine into the United States.
He faces a sentence of imprisonment of between 10 years to life imprisonment, and, according to analysts, their collaboration can reduce the sentence.

AFP “El Vicentillo,” in the center of this image, was presented to the press after his capture in March 2009 as one of the leaders of the Sinaloa cartel.
His testimony is key in this process. When he was 15 years old at a meeting where came with his father, said the trial “Vicentillo” met Guzman Loera.
Since then created a close relationship of trust, and even “El Chapo” is the godfather of one of his sons.
The leak of 2001 for example, Guzmán Loera you confided details of his first escape from the high security prison in Puente Grande, Jalisco, on January 19, 2001.
Bonnet escaped prison hidden between sheets in a cart of laundry service, identified as “Chito” responsible for pushing.
At the trial, Zambada Niebla said that “El Chapo” had each of the doors that spanned while they roamed the corridors to the exit door.
“Was made eternal until he came to the last barrier,” said the witness. At a time when “Chito” dropped cart to speak with a police officer.

AFP “El Vicentillo” detailed the first escape from prison in 2001 de “El Chapo”, who was extradited to the United States in 2017.
The cart moved sharply and “El Chapo”, the witness recalled, scared to risk it tip over and they discovered it in the laundry.
By that level of confidence, Zambada Niebla knew the order to assassinate the youngest of the brothers, Carrillo Fuentes, “The golden child”, something that deepened the differences that already had organizations.
Open warfare in the 1990s, the Sinaloa and Juarez cartels remained a kind of partnership where each respected the other routes and operations.
One of the central themes was that Carrillo family allowed its members smuggle drugs through its territory.
But Amado Carrillo Fuentes, “The Lord of the skies”, died in 1996 during a surgery to change his face.
According to the witness in the trial of New York, “The golden child” started to assassinate lieutenants of his allies.

ReutersEl trial of the Chapo in New York is done under a strong security operation.
At various times, concerned witness, cartel leaders tried to revive the agreement, and even made a meeting between Rodolfo Carrillo and Guzmán Loera.
But the young capo insulted “El Chapo” who asked permission to “El Mayo” and Juan Jose “El Azul” Esparragoza Moreno (also founder of the poster) to kill his rival.
According to Zambada Niebla, “El Mayo” accepted. “I am with you, we made the fight,” was the response.
In September of 2014 Rodolfo “El Niño de Oro” Carrillo Fuentes and his spouse went out dinner at restaurant in a mall in Culiacan, Sinaloa, when they were killed.
“Vicentillo” stated at the trial that the murderer was a hit man known as “El Negro”, partner of Guzman Loera.

“El Vicentillo” Reuters offered details about the assassination of Rodolfo Carrillo Fuentes and his spouse in 2014.
In retaliation, the head of the cartel from Juarez, Vicente “El Viceroy” Carrillo Fuentes ordered the death of a close friend to his rival.
The hostilities began. Months later, in June 2005, “El Chapo” began an operation to conquer the traffic route in Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas, then controlled by the Gulf cartel.
The Zetas, the armed wing of the Organization, responded with violence.
Two years later the Government of the then President Felipe Calderón declared war on the cartels.
Starting from there, the violence spread throughout the country.
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Original source in Spanish

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