Economic policy favored the initiative to establish forest plantations, chained with any industrial line, not to the native forests. The law of recovery of the native forest and forest development, enacted in 2008, little has been an incentive management of this forest effectively. The national forestry Corporation established in 1972, originally had a more proactive action in forestry development, including one for productive purposes. That changed later due to economic policy decided at the end of the 1970s, reducing their action to encourage and oversee, leaving production at the initiative of individuals or private entities. The native forest, historically exhausted their original reservations, for that reason of low profitability in the stage of creation of heritage, had no attraction for private investment. Neither the forest reserves of the State were managed, although they have a multi function, including production, since the CONAF, of the State, could not handle these reservations, even for demonstration purposes. In Chile there is increasingly an area of national parks and reserves of forests that are extracted from the forestry productive state with an increased activity of control and control whose budget all of us citizens We must sustain. Different would be if the State, through CONAF or his possible successor: the national forest service, could take in handling the surface of productive capacity of forest reserves and those forests of small owners who are not able of hire a forestry professional to put into production his heritage. Thus, a growing area of managed forests could cover with consistent production, expenses that citizens expected that they invest in our native forests. Once a surface with the amount of wood required is achieved, it will be automatically created a value chain, through sawmills and preparation units more valuable, than if will be of interest to assume the private sector and which will give more value to the forest. The country has lost more than 50 years without handling its native forests, is time that we change our strategy.
Juan E. Schlatter, forest engineer, Professor Titular r Universidad Austral from Chile