translated from Spanish: Senate approves in general and particular the educational reform

The Senate plenary approved this Thursday in general and in particular the opinion of the educational reform sent this morning by the Chamber of Deputies. In extraordinary session, the plenary endorsed in general the reform with 97 votes in favour, 20 against and three abstentions; In particular, they were 97 votes in favor, 22 against and 1 abstention.
As a constitutional reform, it must now be approved by 17 state legislatures, so that it can be promulgated.
Morena legislators celebrated in the upper house, assuring that it is a fulfilled commitment, according to what he promised since his campaign the now President Andrés Manuel Lopez Obrador, so that the teachers do not see conditioned their employment with the result of Assessments The BREAD, meanwhile, claimed that with the approval is fulfilled a «blackmail» of the CNTE.
«This proposal responds to one of the most heartfelt demands of teachers and masters, which is the elimination of all the punitive elements that turned legislation into a tool to subdue the Magisterium,» said the senator of Morena, Blanca Piña.
«In this sense, the reform approved by qualified majority buries, finally, the General law of the professional service of teachers, which legalized the violation of the labor rights of teachers and masters.» 
As for the PRI, celebrated the new reform, although Morena and López Obrador have mentioned that with it is counteracted that at the time achieved the PRI Enrique Peña Nieto.
«The changes made by the @Mx_Diputados to the #ReformaEducativa, give us a more complete document built on plurality as it gathers our concerns and those of thousands of Mexicans. Without a doubt, this reform will be an evolution of the one approved in 2013 ″, published the PRI on Twitter.

The changes made by the @Mx_Diputados to the #ReformaEducativa, give us a more complete document built on plurality as it gathers our concerns and those of thousands of Mexicans. This reform will certainly be an evolution of the one adopted in 2013. pic.twitter.com/VJLnFYlYyO
— Senate PRI (@Senado_PRI) May 9, 2019

This educational reform was promoted by Morena and President Andrés Manuel López Obrador, although the approval was delayed by the protests of the CNTE-initially claimed that there was a change regarding the reform of Enrique Peña Nieto-and then the claims of the Opposition, insisting that the control of the magisterial squares should not be handed over to the coordinator.
«We are very pleased that in this opinion, in its article III, seventh paragraph and transitional article XVI, it is textual and full the reserve that citizen movement raised so that they are no longer the squares control or electoral method in favor of trade unions and yes in favour of the State, «commented the Senator of Citizen movement, Samuel Garcia.
Her party partner, Verónica Delgadillo, said it is not a reform of President Lopez Obrador, but the result of consensus with teachers, parents, students and experts.

We voted in favour because, contrary to what the president wanted, we managed to respect university autonomy that recognizes higher education as a right and that the State provides the ideal infrastructure for an education of excellence. pic.twitter.com/m5gCPGjz6K
— Verónica Delgadillo (@VeroDelgadilloG) May 9, 2019

López Obrador promised a new educational reform, to leave without effect the one that promoted in his government Enrique Peña Nieto, especially in the point that the permanence of the teachers in his office was not conditioned to his results in evaluations.
The PAN senator, Xóchitl Gálvez, said he would vote against the opinion, because the procedure for admission to the teaching service is ambiguous.
«The current text of the third article of the Constitution establishes the entry by examination of opposition, so clear: ‘ It is an examination that allows to verify that the applicant has the knowledge of the subject he will impart, as well as the pedagogical theory and the methodologies Appropriate to meet the diversity in the classroom to achieve the much-mentioned inclusion, ‘ ‘ said Gálvez.
«Instead, the reform proposes that the admission, promotion and recognition of staff exercising the teaching, directive or supervisory functions will be carried out through selection processes, removing the opposition examination by a selection process,» he added.
«I do not want to give the yes to this reform, because it is an alliance of government with the most corrupt of trade unionism in education, plagued with privileges and invested in impunity.» 

The @SenadoresdelPAN voted against the #ReformaEducativa by not having a method of selection and evaluation of teachers to encourage the learning of girls and boys. pic.twitter.com/sPJnlbNPhG
— Xóchitl Gálvez Ruiz (@XochitlGalvez) May 9, 2019

The PRI senator, Beatriz Paredes, explained why her party decided to vote in favor.
«We will vote for this reform, in the case of our parliamentary group, because strategic additions were incorporated. But we do not know that at the core of the debate, every parliamentary group and every legislator has defended their truth with dignity, «said the senator.
«We recognize those who oppose it, and we recognize those who defend it, but it is a renewed alliance with the national Magisterium. We don’t want to be defrauded. We do not want them to refuse the selection process. We do not want the state to abdicate its responsibility to govern education, «Paredes added.
With Notimex and Reformation information (required subscription) 
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Original source in Spanish

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