Mexico is a star in beer production: in 2018 it generated 120 million hectolitres, of which 40 million were exported, allowing the country to position itself as the first exporter of this drink and the fourth largest producer worldwide.
The history of beer goes back nine thousand years in the Middle East, now Iraq, where it was manufactured by the Sumerios, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (Sader) pointed out as part of International Beer Day.
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But how did the beer get to Mexico? In 1542, Alfonso Herrara, one of the emissaries of Hernán Cortés, asked Emperor Charles V for permission to open an establishment to produce beer, which would be at the foot of the volcanoes Popocatépetl and Iztaccíhuatl in Hacienda El Portal, which is Amecameca, State of Mexico.
This first Mexican brewery remained for four or five years, as it did not have the conditions to survive, the beer was very expensive and the production was minimal.
Being very expensive its domestic production, during this time 619 barrels and a little more than 71 thousand bottles of beer were imported into the country, but these were not because the consumption of the drink was popular in Mexico, but so that the rich could drink it.
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Over the years, the Sader added, several breweries were established in the country, but they did not thrive because they had to import hops and barley; this led Mexico to the need to grow barley.
And it was until the end of the eighteenth century that breweries would start to become more popular in Mexico, in the mid-19th century the national production of this alcoholic beverage was industrialized and in the twentieth century the great Mexican breweries began to emerge.
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