A government in crisis that has been unable to cope with citizen demands. That is the public’s view regarding the leadership of the Executive, and in particular the management of its main persons, according to the Active Research «Crisis in Chile» Pulso Ciudadano survey known today.
According to the survey, held on Tuesday 22 and Wednesday 23 October, the approval of how President Sebastián Piñera has conducted his government is on the ground, with a 78.8 percent rejection and a 13.9% approval
Similarly, the Government’s assessment is critical. 58.8% believe they have not reacted to providing solutions to resolve the crisis, while 37.4% have reacted slowly to deliver them.
This data contrasts with support for overwhelming citizen demonstrations and mobilizations across the country: 83% are very much in agreement/agree, while 7.0% strongly disagree/disagree with this action.
When it comes to responsibilities, the citizen’s judgment is very clear and points mainly to the President and his chief of staff, Andrés Chadwick, in charge of public order, a matter in which the Government has been absolutely overwhelmed these days.
This, because when asked how he would assess the performance of the following authorities in this crisis Piñera has only 6.5% approval, while his chief cousin of staff closes the ranking with 5%.
In the Government, the best-assessed face is the mayor of the Metropolitan Region, Karla Rubilar with 18.7%.
Then come Education Minister Marcela Cubillos, with 9.8; Government spokeswoman Cecilia Pérez, with 9.5%; then, Defense Minister Alberto Espina (8.8%) and Transportes holder Gloria Hutt with 7.6%.
The evaluations of government officials contrast with the best evaluated by the head of National Defense, General Javier Iturriaga, with 25.4%.
Piñera’s Social Agenda
To overcome the crisis, 78% argue that citizens must be listened to and a plan for improvement and recognized the problems of inequalities in Chile (56.1%).
However, as for the Social Agenda presented by Piñera, the look is skeptical. A 61.5% believe that this package of social measures is not sufficient to give greater equity to Chilean society.
Beyond this, 36% of the population agrees with the social measures proposed by the Government to respond to the demands expressed in the demonstrations, while 32.5% disagree with these measures.
Among the best assessed measures is the reduction of the allowances of parliamentarians and high salaries of the public administration and a reduction in the number of parliamentarians (65.8% very good/good) followed by the project that creates the right to the Cradle Room Universal to all children of mothers, or parents working (61.0 very good/good), and the one that reduces contributions to vulnerable older adults (51.0% very good/good).
With regard to the concrete steps that the Government should take to improve the economic situation of citizens, 88.6% believe that the minimum wage should be improved, the rise of basic services should be frozen (77.5%) and improve pensions in its solidarity pillar (74.1%).
In seeking exits into this crisis, and despite calls for politics to take over, 52.4% of the population have little or no confidence that their politicians will overcome this moment of crisis.
The survey, consisting of a sample of 2,090 interviews, was conducted on Tuesday, October 22 and Wednesday, October 23, 2019, through a nationally representative online panel.
On the main motivations generated by these demonstrations and protests, 87.1% consider that it relates to workers’ salaries, followed by the prices of basic services (86.3% light, water, gas), pensions of retirees (85.7%), economic inequality among Chileans (85.2%), the cost of health in the country (79.0%) and the cost of public transport (76.0%).
As for forms of manifestation, a large majority (90.5%) it is very much in agreement/agreeing that the public can raise social demands through protests and peaceful demonstrations. In addition, 84.1% share the motivations generated by these demonstrations and protests in the country. However, 72.5% of respondents do not agree that these demands are made through violent and criminal methods.
As for the measures taken by the Executive, 36.4% of the population very much agreed or agree that the Government decrees a state of national emergency. 42.8% agree, agreeing that the Armed Forces are on the streets safeguarding national security. At the same time, 49.4% agree, according to the application of curfew in the main cities of the country.
With regard to the institutions, Parliament is the worst assessed with an 80.6% rejection.