When Joan of Arc was 13 years old she began to hear voices with which she lived, but her great revelation would come a few years later, when she was presented with the living image of the Archangel Michael, followed by the martyrs Saint Margaret and Catherine of Alexandria, and finally you would hear the voice of God who urged her to join the army of France and recover the territories gained by the English in the so-called Hundred Years’ War (1337-1453). Born in Domrémy in 1412, she became the heroine of France and despite growing up on lands surrounded by the Burgundians, she always remained faithful to the crown. At the age of 16, she asked a relative to take her to the nearby town of Vaucouleurs where she asked the commander, Robert de Baudricourt, for an armed escort to accompany her to the royal court of France in Chinon. Act that caused her to laugh in her face, but this did not deter the maiden of Orleans, who returned some time later and earned the trust of two Baudricourt soldiers with which he managed to be received for the 20 month. In front of the men, Joan predicted the military setback at the Battle of Rouvray, several days before the messages that would announce the new defeat arrived. She said at the time that, it was the word of God guiding her, who warned her of such an outcome and that is why she was urging her to meet with the Dolphin.Convinced with the words of the young woman, the soldiers and Joan, dressed as a soldier as well, they crossed the enemy territory that would take her to the royal court to have a meeting with Charles VII.
Illustration by Joan of Arc PH//internet.
In the meeting, Charles was left with a very favorable impression of Joan, and with everything she promised, although to tell you the truth, France had nothing more to lose, had been demoralized and discredited by the English who had been gaining territory with a wide advantage. So the teenager was the dauphin’s last hope, Charles VII, who had not yet been crowned, sends Joan to the Battle of Orleans as a member of the aid army, and they get what more than five months ago they could not achieve, a victory, with which the girl earns what would later be her nickname «the maiden of Orleans». This battle, almost at the end of the war, and other victories, allowed Charles’s coronation in Remis and put a despondent France back up. With the arrival of the coronation, the truce with the English also arrives, which was short-lived. When Joan traveled to defend the city of Compiégne, on 23 May 1430, an army of Burgundy, allies to England, captured her and handed her over to enemy territory. She was imprisoned in Burgundian custody at Beaurevoir Castle, from which she repeatedly tried to escape. In her last attempt, she jumped from the window of a 21-story tower falling into a dry earth pit, after that episode, she was moved to the city of Arras where negotiations with the English would begin to deliver it.
Illustration Joan at the coronation of Charles VII ph//internet.
The sum of 10,000 pounds was what the Burgundians charged the English for the hostage. Those who pay for it and take the maiden from Orleans to transfer her to Rouen, where the operations center in English France was located. There a French troop tries to rescue her repeatedly in vain.
Illustration of Joan captured by the Borgoñes ph// internet.
Joan was brought to trial by «Herejía» before a court composed of English and Burgundians, in a completely arranged and unfair court. And although they could not find any basis for incriminating her, nor getting her to fall into the trap of tricky questions, they found her turn accusing her of «travestism,» which was considered a form of Herejía.La heresy, at that time, she was only worth the death penalty, if it was enacted on more than one occasion, otherwise it only required imprisonment. Once incarcerated, Juana returned to men’s clothing, because it was the only protection she had, by the disposition and characteristics of the clothes, against the threat of sexual abuse. And this was taken as a provocation. Which was all they needed to end the young woman’s life. On 30 May 1431, she was sentenced and sentenced to death, in a trial, in which she never had a chance, full of incongruities and false accusations. He was only 19. Her execution was in Rouen Square, where she was tied to a tall pillar and burned alive, her ashes were thrown into the River Seine.
Illustration by Joan of Arc, at bonfire ph//internet
The Hundred Years’ War lasted 22 more years, after the execution of Jeanne.France he won the victory, and regained all the territories won by England, which was only allowed to stay with the coastal city of Calais.Once the conflicts ended silently, without even a treaty certifying peace. With the conclusion of the eternal war confrontation, a retrial was opened on the case of Joan of Arc. The process involved approximately 115 eyewitnesses and all the clerics of Europe, the court concluded that Joan had technically been killed by a matter of «clothing». Finally she was declared innocent on 7 July 1456.Pope Benedict XV canonized her as saint of the Roman Catholic Church, on May 16, 1920.In 1991, Hollywood took her life to film, by the hand of Luc Besson, with the performances of Milla Jovovich, Dustín Hoffman, Faye Dunaway and John Malkovich.