Mexico.- The economic and labor landscape in the country had significant impacts on Covid-19, so the National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI) today presented a series of surveys to size this impact.
They highlighted that 46.1 percent of the Economically Active Population
reduced his income from his work, coupled with the loss of
5 million jobs temporarily and 59.6 percent of companies in the country had to perform some arrest of their work for 21 or more days.
In the report presented through his social networks by the president of INEGI, Julio Alfonso Santaella Castell, he was detailed in three surveys: The Economic Impact generated by Covid-19 (ECOVID-IE). National Survey of Funeral Agencies before Covid-19 (ENAF) and the Telephone Survey on Covid-19 and Labour Market (ECOVID-ML).
Among some data, ECOVID-ML reported that as a result of social estrangement measures to contain the COVID-19 pandemic, 23.5% of those occupied in April had to work from home, 42.3% decreased their working hours during the health contingency; while 46.1% reduced income from their work, 5% received some government support and 89. 8%
received no support.
The impact of social estrangement measures affected the impact of social estrangement measures differently
occupation of men and women. The percentage of busy men who
worked from home was 16.6% and in occupied women it was 34.7%; 40.9%
men decreased their working hours, while in women it was of
44.6%; in addition, 91.1% of the men in occupied received no support,
87.7% of occupied women.
Of the total number of employees, 75% stated that they had the conditions of safety and hygiene in their
work to address health contingency and 25% do not have these conditions.
ECOVID-ML also registered a total of 6.1 million workers in April 2020
subordinates and remunerated who were suspended from their work during the contingency
25.1% of the total; percentage than among men in the same
position in the occupation accounted for 24.4% and in women 26.3 percent.
During the suspension of work, 37.1% of men received their full salary or salary
against 40.5% of women; 42.4% of men were also partially received their
pay or salary versus 46.9% of women and, finally, 20.5% of men and 12.6%
women, they received no income for their work.
Of the 7.7 million employees who worked from home, 70% have the
equipment or tools needed to carry out its work, 25.1% has a share of it and 4.9% do not have it.
As for the safety and hygiene conditions to develop your work from home
during the health contingency, 83.7% have the necessary conditions and 16.3% do not
it has them.
In relation to working hours, 52.8% of the workers who worked since
decreased their hours worked, 28.2% maintained their day and increased it by 16.9%. In
income, 38.8% of workers saw their incomes reduced by the
57.9% had no change in income. In addition, 8.9% of
workers received some government or family support during the health contingency
91.3% were not supported.
On companies, the Director General of Economic Statistics, Arturo Blancas, reported that the survey of 4,930 companies by telephone recorded that 93 percent of them had an economic impact, the most important being the decrease in revenue in 91.3 percent of them, especially in small and medium-sized enterprises, 87.8% , and on 92 per cent micros.
Thus, 60.2 per cent of companies implemented operational actions, mainly the delivery of home orders, at 45 per cent; major companies promoted home work at 94.7 percent.
Also 88 per cent of companies implemented health measures highlighting the provision of elements of protection for personnel and the disinfection of facilities.
Another fact of interest is that only 7.8 percent of companies received some form of support, during the first months of the paeconomic or deferment payments.
In the case of the funeral home survey, the most important data is that large companies are the ones that mainly reflected an increase in realtion to the number of services they provided on a monthly average, from 351 in February to 516 in May.
Most companies made changes to their protocols for handling body-for-death by Covid-19 and few companies report having increased revenue during contingency, plus nearly 4 out of 5 companies made changes to the way they serve.