María de Jesús Soria Aguado, 50, lost everything when her son Ivan Yan Carlos Ibarias disappeared in 2016. On September 9 of that year, armed men forc forces removed him from his home in Tejerías, Veracruz. They’ve never heard from him again. «I became displaced. The same ministerials told me to vacate my house when I filed the complaint,» he explains. At that time, Soria Aguado lived in the grocery store located in his own home. Suddenly he had lost his son, his house and had nowhere to make money from.
Read: Missing: Between hope and doubt towards the government
She explains that for three years she managed to survive until she was recognized as a victim of crime by the National Victim Care Commission (CEAV). This allowed him access to the aids provided in the Comprehensive Aid, Assistance and Repair Fund. It is a trust with an amount of 574 million 511 thousand 883.86 pesos and aims to «provide the resources for aid and comprehensive reparation of victims of crime and victims of human rights violations, following criteria of transparency, opportunity, efficiency and accountability».
In the case of Soria Aguado this means being able to receive the 6 thousand 600 pesos that you pay for rent. And also an extra as a pantry. At the age of 50, he was left in charge of a daughter and several grandchildren. Since the disappearance of your child much of your time is devoted to the search. For the last four years he has traveled half a Republic with a shovel and many companions in the same situation: Guerrero, Morelos, Veracruz, have been states that he has visited with the sole aim of finding his son.
Soria Aguado is one of the relatives who are on the floor in front of the Chamber of Deputies. They protest the announcement of Morena’s majority bench to extinguish 109 trusts and put their 68 mmdp in the hands of the Federation Treasury, that is, the ministry of finance. Among the funds are for film, natural disasters, sport and science. Also, and that’s what matters to this group of discontents, to the care of victims.
Find out: «We want AMLO to sit with us and listen to us»: relatives of the missing
Your case isn’t the only one. Among her companions are, for example, Yoltzi Martínez, who is looking for her sister Yaltzi, who disappeared in Acapulco, Guerrero, in 2010. Here the support goes to her ten-year-old niece, who is in charge of her paternal grandmother after her dad was killed. Or Patricia Aradi Castañeda Salazar, from Xicotepec de Juárez, Puebla, who since 2016 has been looking for her son Aurelio Alfaro Solís. The family paid a million and a half pesos as a ransom, but the 20-year-old never returned. They sold the house to continue the searches and now rely on Ceav’s help to pay the rent. That’s why they’re worried about what happens to the trust now, because it’s a support that helps them sustain themselves.
Morena’s initiative for the extinction of trusts was justified by the president, Andrés Manuel López Obrador, as a form of fight against corruption. The representative assured that centralization of funds will prevent intermediaries. However, collectives fear that when the money is under one command, it ends up not going into the purpose for which it was intended. In this case, care for victims.
According to Mario Delgado, head of Morena’s bench, Hacienda will be responsible for determining which of these funds will continue to maintain their initial purpose and which will be dissolved and moved to the budget to strengthen the health sector in the face of the Covid19 pandemic and to buy vaccines.
Read: «You can’t transform an institution without support»: Mara Gómez resigns as CEAV holder
«On the issue of trusts that the Treasury is going to determine, of those 68 billion, which part is reintegrated for health care and which part remains as supports that will continue to be given in a regulated manner,» Delgado said at a press conference.
This soria Aguado puts a rope around her neck. If the Treasury decided that the money earmarked for victims would now go to buy vaccines, she would no longer have a way to pay her rent.
What grants CEAV grants and to whom
Under the General Victims Act, persons affected by crimes or human rights violations have two ways of accessing aid. On the one hand, they can go directly to CEAV and ask for assistance. In this case, you may be eligible for resources for accommodation, transfer and food. The person in charge of valuing the victim is a social worker, who develops a socioeconomic study and the needs of the person.
The other way to access these resources is on the recommendation of the Commission Human Rights Office (CNDH), the Public Prosecutor’s Office or the judgment of a judge. In this case, one of these mandata institutions is included in the victims’ register and the socio-economic study is carried out, which determines whether support is needed. The resolution goes to an interdisciplinary committee in which doctors, psychologists and social workers evaluate.
In addition, in this area the CEAV takes over the compensation ordered by a judge or the CNDH which the institution responsible for the tort claims not to be able to pay. For example: if a person is the victim of a crime at the hands of a policeman, and if the corporation claims to have no compensation budget, it is CEAV that takes over and the money leaves the trust to be extinguished.
In addition to these powers, CEAV also supports victims in certain proceedings, such as transfers or search material.
Animal Politics wanted to know the exact number of victims benefited and the specific aid, but at the close of the note it had not received a response.
«The elimination of the Comprehensive Aid, Assistance and Repair Fund means that there is no economic resource designed solely to meet the specific needs of victims and repair the damage, such as aid measures for food, housing, transport, funeral expenses, among others. In addition, delegating the payment of damage repairs from the total budget designated to the Executive Committee on Victim Care and state commissions means that there are not sufficient resources to address this purpose,» OSC Space, an initiative that brings together various social organizations, said through a communiqué.
So far it is known that the money will be managed by the Treasury. But there is no clarity on what procedures will be followed. That is, what Soria Aguado will have to do to perceive her support and not stay on the street.
Animal Politics consulted with both CEAV and the Ministry of Finance. At the first institution they noted that the management now corresponds to the second. And in the Treasury, at the close of the note, no reply had been sent.
«Our struggle begins by seeing that our rights continue to be violated. It is intended to eliminate a trust that is for victims. It’s for comprehensive reparation and victim assistance. This leaves us in complete vulnerability, because we depend on him victims of disappearance, torture, forced displacement or femicide,» Yoltzi Martinez said.
Throughout the day the discontents maintained a seeding outside San Lázaro. One delegation held meetings with various benches. There was even a dispute with the brunette Dolores Padierna. At the end of the day, the lack of quorum prevented the vote. But out-of-the-box processes, groups still don’t know who and how they’ll manage money that many vulnerable families now depend on.
What we do at Animal Politics requires professional journalists, teamwork, dialogue with readers and something very important: independence. You can help us keep going. Be part of the team.
Subscribe to Animal Politics, receive benefits and support free journalism.#YoSoyAnimal