Unintentional pregnancy in adolescence (ENIA) is a complex phenomenon that occurs due to a series of causes that in many cases interact with each other: socioeconomic and gender inequalities, lack of ESI, barriers to access to sexual and reproductive health services and contraceptive methods, the presence of violent ties in courtships, and sexual abuse. The ENIA obstructs the possibilities of social inclusion of adolescents: it hinders school trajectories, and increases the probabilities of being outside the labor market, which contributes to the intergenerational reproduction of poverty in lower-income households. Year after year, about 16 million adolescents between the ages of 15 and 19 give birth in the world. Babies born to teenage mothers account for about 11% of all births and 95% of them occur in developing countries. For some young women, pregnancy and childbirth are something planned and desired. For many others, no. In low- and middle-income countries, complications of pregnancy and childbirth are the leading causes of death among women aged 15 to 19 years. The adverse effects of motherhood in adolescence also extend to the health of their children. Perinatal deaths are 50% higher among babies born to mothers under the age of 20 than among those born to mothers between the ages of 20 and 29. Red MAPA aims to strengthen community organizations and public policies aimed at preventing unintentional pregnancy in adolescence and restoring the rights of adolescents who are mothers and fathers. Since its creation in February of this year, the accompaniment network for those who travel, in the middle of adolescence, the path of motherhood and paternity works hard to achieve its main objective: that adolescents who are mothers and fathers can achieve the future they propose. With regard to Unintentional Pregnancy in Adolescence, Red MAPA works together to guarantee the rights of adolescents to free access to contraceptive methods, comprehensive sex education and counseling in schools, sexual and reproductive health counseling and community advocacy activities.
“From September 21 to 28, the Week for the Prevention of Unintentional Pregnancy in Adolescence is celebrated and it is a great opportunity to investigate this problem and provide tools to those who need it. All of us who are part of Red MAPA know that it is key to raise awareness about the importance of preventing unintentional pregnancy in adolescence, enhancing the exercise of sexual and reproductive rights in adolescence, providing information on sexual and reproductive health and contraceptive methods free of charge in health services and strengthening policies for the prevention of abuse, sexual violence and access to the legal interruption of pregnancy according to the current regulatory framework”, closed Alejandra Scialabba, Executive Director of Fundación Kaleidos and head of Red Mapa.