the last presidential defeat of the new majority and derrot to parliamentary Chile we produced an immobility of national politics, where the Government knows what to do with his executive power or the opposition with his parliamentary power, immobility that becomes three specific fields of policy uncertainty National current: tax reform, labour reform and reform of the pension system. The national political situation is not «liquid» as I like to say to some political scientists, but it is rather fluid, i.e. the management of power according to the feel and the interests of the citizens expressed in social movements, designates specific addresses, in the concrete beginning 2011, above all is present the disappearance from the political center which governed national and global policymaking over the past forty years. Here at home the Government of President Bachelet and the emergence of the broad front (FA) are the results of the social movement in 2011 led by students, also the failure of the Government brought by second time to power to President Piñera, but without the parliamentary majority allowing him to impose his political designs.
Today in France the preside Macron, l’invincible, faced with «Yellow Jackets» has ended with an endorsement of only 23%, after year and means of Government, has because, first, postpone for six months the implementation of the ‘green’ fuel tax, then, definitely quit and is now preparing to announce the tax the largest fortunes. The instructions for these «yellow wasps» are: «do not represent us!», «40 years ago that no good!» «We don’t want representatives that cannot be controlled!», not quote nor Marx, Lenin and in the polls have the approval of 80% of the French.
Here in Chile the Pinera Government lacks political sagacity to govern with the current standards, «govern by administrative remedies», which would allow a wide margin of action, but is bound by its commitments with who represents, the businesses, which expect «full satisfaction of their needs and desires», in specific, they tax reform should reduce taxes on companies and hold people, debate central between raising direct taxes and decrease the indirect, is not even mentioned, despite the undemocratic nature of the indirect as demand these days the «Yellow Jackets» movement in France. For entrepreneurs the labor reform, which would allow for economic modernization and national development, consists of reducing the bargaining power of workers with the three not!: not to the negotiation by branch, not the right to strike and not the Union ownership , is true that the current parliamentary opposition is not willing to grant any of these, but how the «tax guerillas» is always possible to get something with some «reasonable and patriotic political sectors». Reform of the system of social security, in the midst of a crisis of legitimacy for its inability to effectively provide decent pensions, is no doubt the most controversial topic, since this system of forced loan of workers to the nation’s financial capital e International below market interest rates, is a cheap financial resources for capital fund equal to two-thirds of annual GDP.
However, these central political issues having to do with the management of the distribution of power on which depends the management of the distribution of the wealth, which is produced jointly between all members of the nation, are not the main issues the national debate since these are overshadowed by other political issues more urgent as they are the professional and moral breakdown of the forces of order and the military, the reproductive rights of women, educational management («safe room»), etc. and above all the awkward outcomes of «the war of Arauco» caused by the police killing of the comunero Camilo Catrillanca. Sequel to abusive and criminal «operation hurricane» that sought to falsely incriminate the acts of sabotage where a group of Mapuche leaders, of which involved removal of all police intelligence command and then to the high command of This police force.
Minimum citizens expected these majority demands answers: in women’s rights the universal abortion by the single will of each one; in the mapuche conflict the refund to that nation, of all the lands which were usurped them by the Republic of Chile, i.e. the expropriation of half to one million hectares to the forest; in education the active, decisive and binding participation of all stakeholders in the educational process: teachers, students, parents and guardians as well as the upset, in the design and management of the educational process. The imposition of civil political power ending illicit autonomy of these agencies of the public administration, as well as the effective punishment to those who unduly appropriated goods what citizens demand is in the military and police public placed in his care, to the corrupt people who cohonestaron such illegal and who obstructed the course of Justice. This is great opportunity to democratize, civilize and professionalize the armed forces and of order.
While backing citizen President Piñera and his Government collapses, the mishandling of the mapuche issue both the perception of economic stagnation, despite promising economic indicators. Survey CADEM Piñera approval reaches 41% and disapproval at 46%, this is due to the mapuche conflict, the economic situation and the unfulfilled promises; According to the survey of Criteria Reserch approval is only 37% and disapproval of 51%, motivated by being a «Government for some» (20%), the mapuche conflict (18%) and «fails as promised» (11%).
The correlation of political forces survey CADEM listening the backrests of the public to the political groupings are national: 36% for chipboard Chile go (CHV) Government, 23 percent for the former new majority (former NM) and 27% for the broad front (FA) ), which together make up the opposition with 50% support. A simple projection would indicate that a next triumph of the opposition led by the FA, both in the municipal elections of regional governors is expected, «prequel» of the parliamentary and presidential, but we know that the political management It is more complex and that time brings many vicissitudes. However, according to the survey of Criteria Reaserch the first choice in the presidential desire of the national population has it Mayor Jorge Sharp with the highest approval and lowest disapproval, higher following three approvals are: Vlado Mirosevic, Giorgio Jackson and Gabriel Boric.
As for the Constitution of a conglomerate politician who opposes the right the situation is uncertain, beyond the last attempt to save the end Centre by the party Radical (PR), the Socialist Party (PS) and the party for democracy (PPD), which has been left only as a salute to the flag of social democracy. It is assumed that the backs of the Christian democracy (DC) and the party Radical (PR), as well as near the DC green regionalists, either the Government or the opposition will depend on both future conveniences of power with a view to the forthcoming elections municipal and regional governors, as parliamentary and presidential projections, moreover, surely in these decisions the personal perks in politics and also in the pecuniary not are playing one lesser role. These minority parties from the Center while they have the power to tip the balance for one side or another, are threatened by the tendency to insignificance to be the hardest hit by the widespread and universal disapproval of the citizenship to the parties politicians. It is not surprising is that both parties suffer a cut, as occurring the next political ups and downs, leaving the Government and the opposition, especially in the case of the DC.
The immediate political tasks are the construction of alternative proposals to the Government on the issues of tax, labor reform and the pension system, social mobilization to impose alternatives of the majority citizens and constantly defeating the Government until its end.
The mediate political alternatives, with a view to the upcoming parliamentary and presidential elections, are the development of programmes that will ensure the provision of universal, free and quality for the satisfaction of social rights in health, education and social welfare. Also, to fund those benefits the State must recover rents and utilities from the direct exploitation of natural resources, public works and public services.
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