according to the World Health Organization (who), in the last twenty years the number of people with diabetes quadrupled, increasing from 108 million in 1980 to 422 million It is in 2014.
Global prevalence of diabetes in adults (over 18 years) has increased from 4.7% in 1980 to 8.5% in 2014, more quickly in low- and middle-income countries. According to who projections, diabetes will be the seventh cause of death by 2030. For this reason since 1991, along with the International Diabetes Federation, they perform different activities of prevention and education about the disease. The family and diabetes this year the World Diabetes Day theme is «Family and diabetes», with the motto «diabetes concerns every family». Families have a key role to play in addressing modifiable risk factors for diabetes type 2 and must have education, resources, and environments to live a lifestyle healthy. What is diabetes and what is its cause?
Diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or when the body does not effectively use that produces. Insulin is a hormone that regulates sugar in the blood. The effect of uncontrolled diabetes is hyperglycemia (increased blood sugar), which, over time, seriously damages many organs and systems, especially the nerves and blood vessels, indicates a degree Lucía Ramos (M.N 7198) nutrition team of CRENYF. There are some situations that increase the risk to develop the disease: having over 45 years, having parents or siblings with diabetes, obesity or overweight, high blood pressure, cardiovascular disease, high cholesterol, diabetes in pregnancy, women with children born weighing more than 4, 5 Kg. so what is the disease?
The Ministry of health warns that diabetes can occur for several years quietly. This means that sometimes no symptoms, but over time they may appear: tendency to infections in the skin, thirst, weight loss, increased appetite, increased production of urine, increased dryness of boca.Comenzar prevention…
It has shown that simple measures related to lifestyle, are effective in preventing type 2 diabetes or delay its onset. Some of them are: achieve and maintain a healthy body weight.
Be physically active: at least 30 minutes of regular activity of moderate most days of the week.
Eating a healthy diet, avoiding sugar and saturated fats.
Avoid tobacco use, since it increases the risk of diabetes and cardiovascular disease.
What happens in the event that already this diagnosis of diabetes?
You can treat diabetes and prevent or delay its consequences with diet, physical activity, medication and periodic examinations to detect and treat its complications. Treatment must be accompanied by a healthy diet and physical activity. Also to avoid complications, it is important to quit smoking. If you have any of the symptoms or risk factors, approach the nearest health center to perform a control. The information is the first step to avoid or prevent diabetes. Sources: 2018 campaign Kit. International Diabetes Federation – Informed who of October 30, 2018 – information for citizens, Ministry of health of the nation