translated from Spanish: Second and fourth ? THE DEBATE

In 2020 Sinaloa joined the second year of the presidency of Andrés Manuel López Obrador and the fourth year of Governor Quirino Ordaz Coppel. Two elements of the local versus national political sphere can be highlighted: First, the cohabitation between Executive and Local Legislative has been of institutional continuity. With differences within the margin of the expression of the same cohabitation of political forces emanating from different parties. The governance and continuity of institutional life in Sinaloa is no small thing given the fact of an exercise of differences in unprecedented political representation at the local level: governor and majority in Congress of different parties. It is worth noting the understanding of the executive holder as the forty local legislators as representatives of all Sinaloens, beyond partisan borders. This should be emphasized and serve as the basis for the analysis of what will be 2020 in Sinaloa. The second point to highlight is the relationship of the national with the local: President López Obrador with the governors. During this first year of the federal government, beyond centralist tendencies in some respects, there has been no interference by the president in the autonomy of state governments, without distinction of partisan origin of the governor. During The Mexican authoritarian regime, the custom of dismissing governors was a constitutional goal faculty of the president, since he had a majority in the Houses of Congress of the Union and local Congresses. The maximum degree was reached by the six-term of Carlos Salinas de Gortari in the departure of governors before finishing his terms of office: «Some because he invited them to the cabinet, and others because he dismissed them, the fact is that during his sixteenth state administrators did not finish his six-term. In the first two months of his exercise alone, Governors Xicoténcatl Leyva of Baja California and Guillermo Cossío Vidaurry (Indigo Report 01/Oct/2012) were removed from office. GOVERNANCE AND CONTINUITY
One year after the presidency of Andres Manuel López Obrador, with a majority in the two Chambers of the Federal Legislative (construction in the Senate has been achieved even for constitutional reforms), at no time has there been a governor, regardless of his partisan origin, who has even been put before the possibility of a political trial to try to impeach him. A year after President López Obrador’s rule, this element must be highlighted: there is continuity in governance and unrestricted respect for the autonomy of the federal entities. No governor has been dismissed. Very different from what happened in the six-year period of Salinas de Gortari, where 19 governors (more than 60% of the total country) ceased to be so by political order of the President. In this sense, governance in the country has not been disrupted by the cohabitation of the President of the Republic with governors of militancy of the PRI, PAN or other partisan political formation. There have been differences. But the consensus has been by far not only greater, but what has been political representation in the country.
In the particular case of Sinaloa, the relationship between the federal and state representative has remained in the improv political forms. And, as Jesus Reyes Heroles said: «The form is deep,» and, «what it resists supports.» So this continuity of local federal governance, and, the cohabitation between the local Congress and the governor, predicts that 2020 can be a year of consolidation: on the one hand, from what Wasg. And, on the other, of the federal government projects of President López Obrador. Overwhelmed by disaster and confrontation can be Corifophes of encounter and confrontation. Political analysis must no doubt consider risk matrices with elements such as: restrictive budget situations, political process precedents (relays in party leadership and creation of new national parties, for example), international economic variables, US presidential elections and their effects on bilateral relations. Finally, as a balance sheet of the first year of President López Obrador’s rule, the local has had institutional and constitutional respect for the federal authority. And above all, tents of authoritarian regression have not been exercised, nor manifested in the institutional political sphere. PARAGRAPHS: FROM CHALLENGE 2020
In Sinaloa, perhaps the biggest challenge will be the budget for the State government. The budget in real terms (discounting inflation) is lower than in 2019. It will have to be supported by three possible alternatives: administrative rationality, state tax collection or concurrence to credit lines. We should be attentive to the analysis of final approval of the budget by the State Congress. Another important aspect will be the relations of the federal spheres with the premises, in the various sectors of the public administration. For the holders of secretaries and of the major public bodies in the second year of the federal government, there will be a broader knowledge of the various aspects of the civil service. Finally, the November goal with the US presidential election will be a constant reference for the local, especially with regard to the issue of organized crime organizations in Mexico (notably drug trafficking cartels). Rigoberto Ocampo Alcántar



Original source in Spanish

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