Morelia, Michoacán.- Michoacán has a 17 percent drop in the number of pneumonia cases; however, in the face of low temperatures in some municipalities, the Michoacán Ministry of Health (SSM) urges the population to exercise extreme precautions to prevent respiratory diseases.
As part of World Pneumonia Day, to be celebrated on 12 November each year, the institution strengthens preventive health actions to break the COVID-19 contagion chain, as well as influenza vaccination and ongoing epidemiological surveillance in health centres and hospitals with respiratory conditions.
According to the epidemiological report for week 43, there is a record of one thousand 546 cases, 335 less than last year in the same period, where the health jurisdictions with the highest incidence are Morelia and Zitácuaro, with 429 and 348, respectively.
Pneumonia or pneumonia is a disease of the respiratory system that involves inflammation of the lungs and can be viral contagion (treated with antivirals) or bacterial (treated with antibiotics).
This disease makes the tissue that forms the lungs red, swollen and painful and can be severe; if not detected and treated early, it can be life-threatening, mainly in children under the age of five and seniors.
This condition is highly contagious, as microorganisms that cause the disease spread rapidly in the air, and can spread through sneezing, coughing and mucus.
A patient who has had pneumonia may be left with aftermath of pneumonia in his or her body for a long time, making it potentially contagious, and people most likely to get pneumonia are those who are ongoing with a flu, flu or asthmatic picture, among other diseases of the respiratory system.
Risk factors in children who could trigger the disease include malnutrition, low birth weight, not being breastfed, inadequate vaccination scheme and exposure to tobacco smoke, to name a few.
In the case of adults, there are risks in people with smoking, alcoholism, chronic degenerative diseases such as diabetes and hypertension and steroid intake, because defenses are down, among others.
It is recommended that the population not self-medicate, constant hand wash, go to the nearest health unit, shelter and consume hot non-alcoholic beverages, remain at full rest, avoid places of population concentration, cover nose and mouth when coughing or sneezing with the angle of the elbow or with a disposable handkerchief, never with the hands.
Avoid greeting directly (kissing or hand), avoid contact with sick children with the elderly or people with chronic diseases, and wash utensils used by sick people and increase fluid intake and vitamin C.
In this winter season, the health of michoacans is and will be a priority of the Governor of the State, so getting vaccinated against influenza is of paramount importance.